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1 edition of Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production found in the catalog.

Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production

California Energy Commission. Public Interest Energy Research

Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production

PIER interim project report

by California Energy Commission. Public Interest Energy Research

  • 368 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by California Energy Commission in [Sacramento, Calif.] .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementprepared for California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program ; prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
ContributionsLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTP339 .P47 2009
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 44 p. :
Number of Pages44
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24410487M
LC Control Number2009526031
OCLC/WorldCa501330872

  In the case of corn ethanol it is around watts per square metre. These power densities of energy production can then be compared with the power density of energy consumption. In many densely populated affluent economies, such as the UK, Germany and . A new published study from the University of Michigan and funded by the American Petroleum Institute (API) finds that when using annual basis carbon (ABC) accounting, corn-ethanol is not better than its petroleum accounting uses spatially and temporally explicit analysis of the direct greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) exchanges between the atmosphere and a physical vehicle-fuel. Cellulosic ethanol production: Landscape scale net carbon strongly affected by forest decision making: Anna Brunner William Currie Shelie A. Miller: Journal Article: The Environmental and Cost Implications of Solar Energy Preferences in Renewable Portfolio Standards: Josh Novacheck Jeremiah Johnson: Journal Article. Study shows bamboo ethanol in China technically and economically feasible, cost-competitive with gasoline 01 December Bamboo, the composition of which is highly similar to energy grasses used for biofuel production such as switchgrass, is an interesting potential feedstock for advanced bioethanol production in China due to its natural.


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Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production by California Energy Commission. Public Interest Energy Research Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Physical Energy Accounting in California: A Case Study of Cellulosic Ethanol Production}, author = {Coughlin, Katie and Fridley, David}, abstractNote = {California's target for greenhouse gas reduction in part relies on the development of viable low-carbon fuel alternatives to gasoline.

It is often assumed that cellulosic ethanol--ethanol made from the structural. Physical Energy Accounting in California: A Case Study of Cellulosic Ethanol Production Katie Coughlin, David Fridley Environmental Energy Technologies Division Energy Analysis Department August This work was supported by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production book through the U.S.

Department of Energy under Contract No. DE Cited by: 1. California's target for greenhouse gas reduction in part relies on the development of viable low-carbon fuel alternatives to gasoline.

It is often assumed that cellulosic ethanol--ethanol made from the structural parts of a plant and not from the food parts--will be one of these alternatives. This study examines the physical Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production book of a switchgrass-based cellulosic ethanol industry in Cited by: 1.

Request PDF | Physical Energy Accounting in California: A Case Study of Cellulosic Ethanol Production | California's target for greenhouse gas reduction in part relies on the development of. It is often assumed that cellulosic ethanol--ethanol made from the structural parts of a plant and not from the food parts--will be one of these alternatives.

This study examines the physical viability of a switchgrass-based cellulosic ethanol industry in California from the point of view of the physical requirements of land, water, energy and other material by: 1. supplant only ‐4% of California’s gasoline consumption with cellulosic ethanol Source: Coughlin, Katie, David Fridley (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).

Physical Energy Accounting for California: A Case Study of Cellulosic Ethanol Production. California Energy. The economic, energy, and greenhouse gas implications of infrastructure investment and production of cellulosic ethanol from municipal solid waste within the state of California are discussed.

Cellulosic Ethanol from Municipal Solid Waste: A Case Study of the Economic, Energy, and Greenhouse Gas Impacts in California | Environmental Science & TechnologyCited by: Prospects and technological advancement of cellulosic bioethanol ecofuel production and economic issues associated with cellulosic ethanol production that need to be addressed for further.

Ethanol Production and Distribution. Ethanol is a domestically produced alternative fuel most commonly made from corn.

It is also made from cellulosic feedstocks, such as crop residues and wood—though this is not as common.U.S. ethanol plants are concentrated in the Midwest because of the proximity to corn production. Rachel Carson's book "Silent Spring" primarily focuses on the environmental problems associated with _____.

How is cellulosic ethanol different from traditional corn-based ethanol. Which of the following is characteristic of combustion of biomass for energy production.

Has the greatest potential for generation in Texas and California. The sensitivity of ethanol production cost with respect to feedstock cost is analyzed for various values of nontransport feedstock costs, from U.S.

$25 to U.S. $ t DM −1. The analysis is again performed for ethanol production from straw, in a facility with a production capacity of Ml/yr. The results are shown in Figure by: 9. The ethanol production process improved considerably over the years.

Initially, production of ethanol was established to process molasses from the sugar industry (annexed distilleries), but with the increasing importance of ethanol in the s, many mills began to run as autonomous ethanol plants (i.e., autonomous distilleries, which only produce ethanol).

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, Physical energy accounting in California : a case study of cellulosic ethanol production book list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

MSW-ethanol production was also compared, as a waste-management alternative, with landfilling with gas-recovery options. For MSW-derived ethanol, the total energy use per vehicle per mile traveled proved to be less than that of corn-ethanol and cellulosic ethanol.

Energy use from petroleum sources for MSW-ethanol was lower than for the other by: The study focuses on Iowa, which is the leading biofuels hotspot in the U.S. due to intensive corn production and the high concentration of ethanol plants that comprise 28% of total U.S.

production. Enhancement of cellulosic ethanol production was screened by zone of clearance carried out by simple agar method. Apergillus strain from rotten wood (ANRW). The Operable Modeling of Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Ethanol Production from Cellulose Article in Applied biochemistry and biotechnology (3) June with 45 Reads.

MSW-ethanol production was also compared, as a waste-management alternative, with landfilling with gas-recovery options. For MSW-derived ethanol, the total energy use per vehicle per mile travelled proved to be less than that of corn-ethanol and cellulosic ethanol.

Energy use from petroleum sources for MSW-ethanol was lower than for the other Cited by: Passenger cars in the United States (U.S.) rely primarily on petroleum-derived fuels and contribute the majority of U.S. transportation-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Electricity and biofuels are two promising alternatives for reducing both the carbon intensity of automotive transportation and U.S.

reliance on imported oil. However, as standalone solutions, the biofuels option is Cited by: Similar insight into GWP impacts due to conversion of lignocellulosic FW can be extrapolated from cellulosic ethanol studies. For example, cellulosic ethanol could lower GHG emissions by more than 95% relative to gasoline (Wang et al., ).

While cultivating cellulosic feedstock still incurs impacts from fertilizer production and application.

Various authors have reported conflicting values for the energy return on investment (rE) of ethanol manufacture. Energy policy analysts predisposed to or against ethanol frequently cite selections from these studies to support their positions.

This literature review takes an objective look at the disagreement by normalizing and comparing the data sets from ten such by: The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information Overview and evaluation of fuel ethanol from cellulosic biomass: Technology, economics, the environment, and policy (Journal Article) | The case study also explores the impact of temporal variations in climate conditions to test the sensitivity of the engineering designs.

Results from the case study show that under certain conditions corn stover can be delivered to the cellulosic ethanol biorefinery for $35/dry by: energy use, chemical use, etc.

Develop an allocation protocol to assign process inputs to D3 and D6 gallons based on usage 3. Use a marginal method comparing the data collected before and after the D3 ethanol system is bolted on and used at the facility Choose based on.

Physical Energy Accounting in California: A Case Study of Cellulosic Ethanol Production Technical Report Coughlin, Katie ; Fridley, David California's target for greenhouse gas reduction in part relies on the development of viable low-carbon fuel alternatives to gasoline.

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information USE OF ETHANOL IN SEPARATION OF SODIUM FROM CYCLOTRON TARGET (Journal Article) | skip to. Discussions of alternative fuel and propulsion technologies for transportation often overlook the infrastructure required to make these options practical and cost-effective.

We estimate ethanol production facility locations and use a linear optimization model to consider the economic costs of distributing various ethanol fuel blends to all metropolitan areas in the United States. Fuel options Cited by: Drawbacks to ethanol production include habitat destruction, high energy input requirements, soil erosion, runoff, and stresses on water supplies.

Ethanol demand is also tied to food prices. An alternative is cellulosic ethanol, made from inedible parts of plants. Switchgrass is one promising plant for cellulosic ethanol production. The economic competitiveness of cellulosic ethanol production is highly dependent on feedstock cost, which constitutes 35–50% of the total ethanol production cost, depending on various geographical factors and the types of systems used for harvesting, collecting, preprocessing, transporting, and.

Cellulosic biomass (37% MC) was the feedstock for cellulosic ethanol or pelleted cellulose (5% MC). Energy for cellulosic ethanol processing. Cellulosic ethanol production using all of NY biomass was assessed in Wojnar et al. (, Executive Summary).

Specifically, the distributed system (24 plants across the state producing million liter/year Author: Jenifer L. Wightman, Peter B. Woodbury. Economic Modelling and Case Study Perspectives Acknowledgements References 12 Fuel Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Materials Using Recombinant Yeasts Stephen R.

Hughes and Marjorie A. Jones. Review of Current Fuel Ethanol Production Evolution of Cost of Cellulosic Ethanol Production A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as biomass technically can be used as a fuel directly (e.g.

wood logs), some people use the terms biomass and biofuel interchangeably. More often than not, however, the word biomass simply. Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (* indicates corresponding author) Zhang Y, Kendall A* () Consequential analysis of algal biofuels: Benefits to ocean resources.

Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume DOI: /o Zhang Y*, Kendall A () Effects of system design and Co-product treatment strategies on the life cycle performance of biofuels.

Full Article. Geospatial Economics of the Woody Biomass Supply in Kansas – A Case Study. Olga Khaliukova, a, * Darci Paull, b Sarah L. Lewis-Gonzales, a Nicolas André, a Larry E. Biles, b Timothy M. Young, a and James H. Perdue c This research assessed the geospatial supply of cellulosic feedstocks for potential mill sites in Kansas (KS), with procurement zones extending to Arkansas (AR.

Approaches for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from motor vehicles include more-efficient vehicles, lower-carbon fuels, and reducing vehicle-kilometers traveled (VKT).

Many U.S. states are considering steps to reduce emissions through actions in one or more of these areas. We model several technology and policy options for reducing GHGs from motor vehicles in by: Focusing on the key challenges that still impede the realization of the billion-ton renewable fuels vision, this book integrates technological development and business development rationales to highlight the key pments that are necessary to industrialize biofuels on a global scale.

Technological issues addressed in this work include fermentation and downstream processing. A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry.

It details how the proven Author: Gary C. Young. Brazil is the world's second largest producer of ethanol and the United States have led the industrial production of ethanol fuel for several years, together accounting for 85 percent of the world's production in Brazil produced billion liters ( billion U.S.

liquid gallons), representing percent of the world's total ethanol used as fuel in The more optimistic estimates put the energy returned on energy invested (EROEI) at aroundmeaning a net energy of units for every units harvested. Under the assumption that we use the energy derived from corn ethanol to run the whole operation, we get an.

Sur Supervisor Ethanol Fossil fuels have polluted our environment in last one hundred years or so leading to global warming and climate change. Of late many countries have promoted the use of alcohol as bio-fuel blending with fossil fuels in a certain ratio; however, promotion of ethanol as a bio-fuel is now highly questionable.

Studies reveal that environmental impact of ethanol as bio. Emergy is the amount of energy that was consumed pdf direct and indirect pdf to make a product or service. Emergy is a measure of quality differences between different forms of energy.

Emergy is an expression of all the energy used in the work processes that generate a product or service in units of one type of energy.Which crop used to make biofuel has been criticized for increasing soil erosion and having very low download pdf energy of % (energy in the biofuel divided by the energy used to produce biofuel crop, process it into fuel and transport fuel to consumers)?

a. Switch grass in the U.S. for grassoline. b. Plantation trees in Maine, U.S for cellulosic.Best Essay Help from a Custom Ebook Service, If you are thinking “Help me write my essay” then yes we will.

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